Types of Damages In Personal Injury Claims

Damages, damages, damages. The word keeps getting thrown around by your insurance company, your lawyer, and others… but what does it mean? What are the common types of damages in personal injury claims?


assessing damages in personal injury


What are damages in personal injury?

Personal injury law falls under the broader category of “tort law”. In tort law, the Courts recognize that they cannot undo the wrongs and harms that have been done to a person. The Court cannot go back in time and stop you from getting whiplash or undo your broken bones. So, instead, a person who is injured as a result of another person’s negligence is awarded money as compensation. The idea is that the Court cannot place you back in the condition that you were in before the accident, but they can order the Defendant to pay you damages to try to compensate you for the injuries you have suffered.

The money is meant to be a different way to try to put you back into the place you would have been in had the accident not happened. So, the different types of damages in personal injury claims may include things like money to compensate you for the hours you could have worked and the income you could have earned had you not had to stop working or work less due to your injuries.

Common Types of Damages in Personal Injury Claims


Depending on the circumstances, you may be entitled to receive compensation for lost wages and for future ‘earning capacity’ that has been impacted as a result of the accident. Sometimes, compensation related to income can include the cost of retraining in a new field where a person’s injuries impede their ability to work in the same industry or job as they did before the accident.

Pain and Suffering

You may be entitled to compensation for pain and suffering (also called “non-pecuniary general damages”) you endured, or will continue to endure, as a result of the accident.

Non-pecuniary general damages in personal injury may take into consideration things like:

  • the injuries suffered by the person;
  • the age and other socio-economic characteristics of the person;
  • the types of work and leisure activities the person engaged in prior to the accident and the effect that the accident has had on these;
  • the person’s medical history;
  • other personal attributes of the person; and,
  • the amount of general damages awarded to past plaintiffs with similar injuries, medical history, and characteristics to the person

Medical Treatment

You may be entitled to compensation for the out-of-pocket medical expenses you may have incurred as well as the cost of future care depending on the circumstances of your case.

Loss of Housekeeping Capacity

You may be entitled to compensation for your loss of housekeeping capacity i.e. the inability to perform certain housekeeping tasks or a reduced/limited ability to do so. Housekeeping includes tasks such as: doing the laundry, washing dishes, cooking dinner, mopping and sweeping, grocery shopping, mowing the lawn, shoveling the snow, and doing maintenance work around the house.


Please note: The information provided on this website does not constitute legal advice and should not be construed as such. Moustarah & Company does not guarantee that this information is accurate or up to date. As a result, should you require legal advice, please contact a lawyer.